𝙳𝚎𝚖𝚊𝚗𝚍𝚎 𝚍𝚎 𝚌𝚛é𝚊𝚝𝚒𝚘𝚗 𝚍𝚎 𝚐𝚛𝚘𝚞𝚙𝚎